Taking folic acid (the synthetic form of vitamin B9) during pregnancy is very important to prevent the baby from leaving with cognitive and neurological defects. Your health influences that of your baby.
Folic acid (or foliate if we catch it from food) is vitamin B9 and this is essential before you get pregnant and during the first stage (first trimester) of pregnancy. Today it is even recommended to start taking it up to 3 months before you want to get pregnant and continues to take it during to do the pregnancy.
We can pick it up from foods like spinach or kale. Although it is best to take folic acid supplements to reach the recommended daily dose. I recommend you to read our little ones also deserve to eat healthy, different and good.
Recommended Daily Amount of Folic Acid
If you plan to become pregnant you should keep in mind that every day you should take 0.4 milligrams of folic acid. And continue taking it during the first stage of pregnancy. Supplements prescribed by doctors usually have more doses, as much as 800 to 1,000 mcg of folic acid instead of the recommended 400/600 mcg . They are acceptable by the body and nothing happens to take these amounts of more. But they should never exceed 1000 mcg a day unless told to by the doctor. For example, if a woman had a baby with neurological problems, she may prescribe even 4000 mcg of folic acid in the next pregnancy, but that is something specific and specific that the doctor should always say.
It should be taken every day, otherwise, if we forget a shot, there is already a risk that some of the disorders that I will tell you will appear. This vitamin does not accumulate in the body and every day we must give the body the necessary amount.
This simple act makes the baby much more likely to be born without problems of the spinal cord (nor cognitive like those listed below:
- Spina bifida.
- Spina bifida . That is, the spinal cord and spinal cord undergo an incomplete fusion.
- The brain does not develop at all. Severe underdevelopment of the brain
- Encephalocele. It is a rare congenital disease. There is a non-normal opening in the head and a bulge appears in the brain tissue.
- Cleft lip. It is a separation or cut by a bad formation and union between the lip and the nose. There are several degrees.
Cleft palate or cleft palate. In this case the mouth is the one that has not been formed pro complete by the top, the palate.
One of the problems we encounter is that many times pregnancies are not planned and women do not take enough folic acid. Keep in mind that all these problems I mentioned are given during the first 28 days of pregnancy and many times women do not even know they are pregnant. Therefore, they do not take steps to prevent that from happening.
Currently, the fact of not taking enough folic acid is also related to the increased risk of hypertension in pregnancy, known as preeclampsia.
In addition, it is very important for DNA and the formation of body cells, other than red blood cells that reduce the risk of anemia (I recommend you read Anemia, what you should eat?).
This reduces the risk of certain cancers such as colon cancer. By regulating homocysteine levels it also protects us against cardiovascular diseases.
In case of diabetes, obesity or epilepsy, it is likely that more than 400 mcg per day is needed.
Folic Acid, Vitamin B12, Potassium Iodide
Folic acid is often recommended along with Vitamin B12 and iodine. I recommend that you read Vitamin B12: properties, food and values.
In fact, doctors usually prescribe Foli Doce in conjunction with Iodocefol , for example. Or Yoduk Complex that already contains the three active principles. Or Acfol and Yoduk 200 etc. The issue is that women during and before pregnancy receive adequate doses of folic acid, vitamin B12 and potassium iodide.
There is also the possibility of taking vitamin supplements with folic acid as would for example Donna Plus, Natalben or Gestagyn among others.
Food with folates
However, contrary to what usually happens, our body absorbs better synthetic folic acid than we can catch with food (folates). In addition, it is better to take the recommended daily dose than not to calculate more or less for what we eat without even knowing if that dose ingested will have been absorbed by the body. Even so, it is advisable to provide at least 20% of the dose of folic acid through food (folates). To get it through the diet you can add the following foods in your recipes and those in the table above:
- Beans, lentils, chickpeas, peas
- Wheat, rice, cereals and bakery products
- Green vegetables (spinach, lettuce, broccoli, brussels sprouts, turnips, asparagus …)
- Viscera (liver and kidney)
- Folic acid enriched milks and grains
- Fruit like orange, banana, melon, lemon … (also as juices)
Although not always noticed sometimes we can know that we lack this vitamin because we have the following symptoms:
- weight loss
- lack of appetite
- Tongue hurts
- You are more irascible
- You feel palpitations