Music has existed in all cultures, so it has been considered the universal language. The use of sounds, musical pieces and rhythmic structures can achieve different direct and indirect therapeutic results at the psychological, psychomotor and organic levels.
The ancient Egyptian society used music as “medicine of the soul”, the Greeks prescribed it to people with emotional disorders, in the Middle Ages it was understood as a vehicle for sacred emotion and in the Renaissance the interrelationship between music and medicine was highlighted. But it is not until the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when we began to investigate the effects of music on the organism, attributing to it soothing, inciting and harmonizing powers. Thus, in World War I veteran hospitals hired musicians as therapeutic aid; this experience was so valuable that it helped doctors to take it into account, so much so that in 1950 was founded the National Association of Music Therapy in the United States.
Sound and music are a supplement in the treatment to heal diseases:
Anxiety: The Four Seasons, by Vivaldi; Concert of Aranjuez, by Rodrigo.
Depression: Water music, by Haendel; Symphony No. 8, by Dvorak.
Headache: Dream of love, by Listz; Serenata by Schubert.
Hypertension: Mozart’s Serenade No. 13 in the sunshine
Insomnia: Nocturnes, by Chopin; Prelude to the nap of a faun, by Debussy.
What is it for?
There are many applications of music therapy aimed at preventing, recovering and / or rehabilitating in the field of health. In general, this discipline is used for:
- Reduce stress.
- Empower problem-solving skills.
- Increase creativity.
- Improve self-esteem and assertive communication.
- Encourage interpersonal relationships.
In particular, it has been found that the influence of music on surgical interventions decreases the patient’s distress before surgery and reduces thresholds for pain perception upon awakening from anesthesia. With drug addicts, it enhances self-esteem, self-awareness or autonomy. In eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia), improves self-image, influences mood and raises frustration tolerance, which translates into more confidence and
confidence. During pregnancy, mother-child communication is greatly favored when sound-musical stimuli are applied and during childbirth can be achieved with music a warm and quiet, which favors the decrease of anxiety.
In people with disabilities – physical or mental – music can control hyperactivity, help maintain attention or facilitate the expression of emotions. During physical rehabilitation processes, it facilitates mobility of the musculoskeletal system while reducing the pain associated with movements. Music has much to offer and, in this sense, the therapeutic use of it is something that is gradually becoming entrenched in areas such as sanitary and educational, since it produces changes at the physical, psychological and socio-affective level.
To do at home
Make a sound identity card by filling in the following information: where I am from; music of my parents; Childhood of 0-12 years: songs of cradle, of the school, of drawings, excursions … Sounds of the childhood; adolescence: music that you liked; sounds you like and sounds you do not like now; Current music you like and you do not like.
Find out how many sounds can be “asleep” in a room, such as hitting the table, opening the window, moving a box…
Draw with finger painting what the music we hear suggests.
With your eyes closed, move the different parts of the body following the music and move rhythmically through the space of the room.